Autumn is the time of year for establishing and strengthening both cool-season and warm-season lawns.
It’s now that you should prepare your lawn for the colder temperatures of winter. At Carolina Creations Landscapes, we know lawn care – it’s what we do…
And we’re good at it!
So Call Us and let us be your fall lawn care specialists, too!
Types of Lawns
Although there are many types of grasses and lawns, we can generally break them down into two groups: Cool-season and Warm-season.
Cool Season Lawns
Cool-season lawns have their peak growing season in the early fall. This is the best time of year to establish, strengthen, and cultivate these types of grasses.
Common cool season grasses can include:
Warm Season Lawns
Warm-season lawns wind down their growing season as the weather cools. Warm-season grasses go brown and dormant after the first hard freeze, so fall care for them focuses on weed control and planning for winter color.
Common warm season grasses can include:
Bermuda: Cynodon dactylon
Centipede: Eremochloa ophiuroides
St. Augustine: Stenotaphrum secundatum
When lawns are growing, it’s an excellent time to perform cultivation tasks that improve soil quality. Unless it’s a new lawn installation or you can till up the entire area, lawn cultivation is done gradually, so that the lawn grasses can recover.
Here are some of the lawn cultivation tasks that we perform.
Dethatching is done during your lawn’s peak growing season, but only if the thatch layer is over ½ inch. For cool-season lawns, fall is the perfect time. Warm-season lawns get dethatched in the spring.
Core aeration is done during your lawn’s peak growing season, so that the grasses can quickly recover. It’s best to aerate cool-season lawns in the fall and warm-season lawns in the spring or early summer.
Top-dressing your lawn with topsoil mixed with other ingredients is a great way to finish up the cultivation process, since it improves soil quality. We top-dress the lawn after aerating and re-seed any bare spots.
Fertilizing Cool-Season Lawns
Fertilizer is an important aspect of any lawn.
The nitrogen will stimulate green shoots and thick growth. Most lawns benefit from about one pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet.
Learn more about NPK here.
Apply winter fertilizers, which are higher in potassium to promote winter hardiness, around the time of the last mowing of the season (October to November).
Fertilizing Warm-Season Lawns
Stop feeding warm-season lawns in early August to late September (6-8 weeks before your average first frost).
Do not fertilize warm-season grasses in the fall, unless you live in a frost-free climate, since this will stimulate growth as they are going dormant for the winter.
Instead, wait until the growing season begins in spring or early summer.
Seeding and Planting in the Fall
Cool Season Lawns
Fall is the perfect time to establish and thicken turf through seeding, sodding, and patching any bare spots.
If you don’t like the brown appearance of your dormant warm-season lawn, fall is a good time to overseed with annual ryegrass or other cool-season grass for winter color. Apply the seed about 2-4 weeks before your average first frost date.
Weed Control in the Fall
Weed Control can be tricky, but it doesn’t have to be. And Fall is an excellent time to fight against actively growing weeds!
Weeds, like other plants, spend the fall drawing nutrients from their leaves into their roots for winter survival. The increased absorption means that your weed-control products will quickly be drawn into the roots for rapid results.
Contact Us at Carolina Creations and let us take the necessary steps to stop the war against weeds on your property!
Other Fall Services
Take a look at some of our other outstanding Lawn Care Services:
- Leaf Cleanup: If allowed to accumulate, leaves form a wet blanket that smothers your turf grass and invites disease. It’s important to keep picked up.
- Mowing: We continue mowing as long as your lawn is growing. We mow newly seeded lawns as soon as they need it.
- Watering: The weather may be getting cooler, but your lawn still needs one inch of water per week as long as it’s growing. Newly planted grass seed will require watering every day or two until established.
- Grass alternatives: If you have areas of your lawn where grass refuses to grow, fall is a great time for planting and establishing groundcovers. Give Carolina Creations Landscapes a call at 910-755-6411 and we’ll tell you about other alternatives to grass for your lawn area.