As with most industries, landscapers and gardeners seem to have a language all their own.

They can understand each other but sometimes homeowners are left scratching their heads. At Carolina Creations, we want you to be a part of the process – not apart from it. So, we’re providing you with a cheat sheet of sorts, so you can become a bit more versed in the landscaping lingo we, and other industry professionals, may use from time to time.

Landscaping Glossary

Annuals

North Carolina Annual Plants: Gerbera

Annuals are plants, usually flowering, that live just one year.

Summer annuals germinate during spring or early summer and mature by autumn, wheras winter annuals germinate during the autumn and mature during the following spring or summer.

They’re guaranteed color when your other plants, like perennials, may be done blooming or haven’t started yet. Self-sowing annuals may come back every year from the seed they drop at the end of the season.

Some popular annuals are petunias, marigolds, and zinnias.

Perennials

North Carolina Perennial Plants: Rudebeckia

Perennials are plants that will come back year after year, providing you purchase those that can live in your hardiness zone.

They will save you money because you buy them once.

Many perennials will spread and multiply. They require more care than annuals to keep them deadheaded during the season, and cut back in the fall.

Take a look at some of the Perennnials in our Plant Dictionary.

Hardiness Zones

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map USA

Plant hardiness zones divide the U.S. and Canada into climate and temperature areas.

They also give information about which plant will most likely thrive where.

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the Gold Standard and is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature.

Plant labels recommend the best zones for each particular plant.

Pruning

North Carolina Pruning Services

Pruning is the process of shaping and trimming to remove dead branches and open plants up so some sun can shine through.

Pruning also keeps trees from growing onto electrical wires or draping onto lawns, which can kill turf and spread disease.

And sometimes pruning just makes plants look prettier or less wild.

Learn more about our Pruning Services.

Drainage

North Carolina Drainage Services

Think of Drainage this way:

All plants require water, air, and nutrients to thrive.

When soil holds too much water, the roots of your plants will rot and fungal disease could spread.

Proper drainage keeps excess water from collecting under and around the plants.

High water tables, clay subsoil, and seepage from higher ground can hurt soil drainage.

Re-grading wet areas to aid runoff will improve drainage.

Take a look at our Irrigation Management Program.

Grading

North Carolina Grading Services

The grade is the slope of land. By Grading you can create a slope to serve a particular purpose such as better drainage.

Proper grading can direct water away from your house.

Mulch

North Carolina Mulch

Mulch is organic material we spread around plants and trees to retain moisture while keeping down weeds.

There are many different mulch options available on the market today. The most popular options can be placed in two general categories: Pine Straw and Hardwood Mulch.

Both of these options have numerous varieties to choose from regarding color, purpose, and cost.

We recommend a minimum of one application of natural material each year.

Take a look at our Mulching Services.

Hardscapes

North Carolina Hardscape Services

Hardscapes are paths, bridges, patios, pools, and walls.

They are permanent fixtures installed in your landscaping to add interest among the gardens.

A well-placed fountain can add texture and sound to a garden and a tall trellis lets climbing plants crawl up the sides of houses and fences.

Be sure to take a peek at our Hardscape Services.